Hugo Reis
Pedro Carneiro
Raul Santaeulalia-Llopis
Diego Restuccia
Chaoran Chen
Brad J. Hershbein
Claudia Macaluso
Chen Yeh
Xuan Tam
Xin Tang
Marina M. Tavares
Adrian Peralta-Alva
Carlos Carillo-Tudela
Felix Koenig
Joze Sambt
Ronald Lee
James Sefton
David McCarthy
Bledi Taska
Carter Braxton
Alp Simsek
Plamen T. Nenov
Gabriel Chodorow-Reich
Virgiliu Midrigan
Corina Boar
Sauro Mocetti
Guglielmo Barone
Steven J. Davis
Nicholas Bloom
José María Barrero
Thomas Sampson
Adrien Matray
Natalie Bau
Darryl Koehler
Laurence J. Kotlikoff
Alan J. Auerbach
Irina Popova
Alexander Ludwig
Dirk Krueger
Nicola Fuchs-Schündeln
Taylor Jaworski
Walker Hanlon
Ludo Visschers
Carlos Carillo-Tudela
Henrik Kleven
Kristian Jakobsen
Katrine Marie Jakobsen
Alessandro Guarnieri
Tanguy van Ypersele
Fabien Petit
Cecilia García-Peñalosa
Yonatan Berman
Nina Weber
Julian Limberg
David Hope
Pedro Tremacoldi-Rossi
Tatiana Mocanu
Marco Ranaldi
Silvia Vannutelli
Raymond Fisman
John Voorheis
Reed Walker
Janet Currie
Roel Dom
Marcos Vera-Hernández
Emla Fitzsimons
José V. Rodríguez Mora
Tomasa Rodrigo
Álvaro Ortiz
Stephen Hansen
Vasco Carvalho
Gergely Buda
Gabriel Zucman
Anders Jensen
Matthew Fisher-Post
José-Alberto Guerra
Myra Mohnen
Christopher Timmins
Ignacio Sarmiento-Barbieri
Peter Christensen
Linda Wu
Gaurav Khatri
Julián Costas-Fernández
Eleonora Patacchini
Jorgen Harris
Marco Battaglini
Ricardo Fernholz
Alberto Bisin
Jess Benhabib
Cian Ruane
Pete Klenow
Mark Bils
Peter Hull
Will Dobbie
David Arnold
Eric Zwick
Owen Zidar
Matt Smith
Ansgar Walther
Tarun Ramadorai

Race-related research in economics and other social sciences

What is this research about and why did you do it?

Large and persistent differences across racial and ethnic groups in wealth and economic well-being have been well documented. Issues of racial differences in economic opportunity have risen to the top of the policy agenda in recent years. If the causes of such inequality are to be understood and resolved, then economists need to be engaged in race-related research. This study examines the extent to which academic economists have been conducting such research, comparing it with the disciplines of political science and sociology.

How do you answer this question?

We build a corpus of academic journal publications for economics, political science, and sociology from 1960 to 2020. This covers half a million journal publications: 224,855 publications from 231 economics journals, 138,188 publications from 185 sociology journals, and 110,835publications from 213 political science journals. Within this body of work, we then identify race-related research using an algorithm that uses keywords related to: (i) the racial or ethnic group being studied; and (ii) the issue being studied. Examples of keywords include ‘discrimination’, ‘prejudice’, and ‘stereotype’.

What do you find?

Economics lags far behind the other disciplines in the volume and share of race-related research, despite having higher absolute volumes of research output. Since 1960, there have been 13,000 race-related publications in sociology, 4,000 in political science, and 3,000 in economics.

Over the six decades covered by the study, less than two per cent of articles in economics journals concern race with no trend since 1970. The data set includes half a million publications in the three disciplines. Race related publications were identified by key words such as “segregation” and “African-American”.

What implications does this have for the study of wealth concentration or economic inequality?

The work highlights the need for economists to pay greater attention to race. We surveyed economists on the extent to which they believe race is understudied, using the Social Science Prediction Platform. They correctly predict the disciplinary ranking but overestimate the share of race-related research in all three disciplines. 90% overestimated the share of race-related research in economics.

What are the next steps in your agenda?

We want to understand why economists have not studied race. Is it because race-related research is less likely to be published; the underrepresentation of minorities in economics; the absence of race related topics in economics education?  

Citation and related resources

This paper can be cited as follows: Advani, A., Ash, E., Cai, D., and Rasul, I. (Forthcoming). 'Race-related research in economics and other social sciences'. Econometric Society Monograph. A pre-publication version is available.

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About the authors